Fixed v. Variable Home Loans

If you’re about to purchase a home / investment property or you’re looking to refinance your current mortgage, you may be wondering to yourself, should I fix my home loan or not? Like most decisions, there are pros and cons for each option. Here are some things to consider when looking at the options and, hopefully, should make your decision process a little easier.

  • Fixed Rate Home Loans
  • Variable Home Loans
  • Splitting your home loan – part fixed and part variable

Fixed Rate Home Loans

Fixed home loans have an interest rate that is “fixed” for a set period of time – often 1, 3 or 5 years. At the end of the fixed rate term, the loan will usually switch to the standard variable rate offered by the lender.

Here are some advantages of fixing your home loan:

  • Makes budgeting easier – You know exactly what you’re repayments will be, so you can plan ahead and set financial goals with confidence.
  • Rate rises won’t affect you – If interest rates rise above your fixed rate, you will be happy knowing you are paying less than the variable rate.

But there are some disadvantages with fixing your loan:

  • Rate drops won’t apply to you – You won’t benefit from a drop in interest rates if your fixed rate is more than the variable rate.
  • Limits on extra repayments – Additional loan repayments are often not allowed with fixed rate loans or repayments may be capped at a low amount or only permitted with a fee.
  • Do you need to redraw? – A redraw facility may not be offered on a fixed rate loan.
  • Break fees – Fixed rate loans may have a break fee if you change or pay off your loan within the fixed rate period.

This kind of loan may not be suitable if you are thinking about selling your home or want the freedom to switch home loans if you find a better deal.

Variable Home Loans

If you don’t fix your loan, your interest rate will move with changes to market interest rates. This means the interest rate can rise or fall over the term of your loan. As a result, your repayments will ‘vary’ as the rate changes.

Here are some advantages of a variable rate home loan:

  • You can make extra repayments –  Extra repayments are usually allowed at no extra cost, which can save you interest and help you pay off your loan sooner.
  • More features –  Variable loans often have attractive features such as unlimited redraws on any additional repayments or the ability to save on interest by setting up an offset account.
  • Easier to switch loans – It is usually easier and cheaper to switch loans if you find a better deal elsewhere if you have a variable rate home loan.

Here are some disadvantages of a variable rate loan:

  • Makes budgeting harder – It can be difficult to budget with certainty as loan repayments can increase when interest rates change.
  • Mortgage stress – If you aren’t prepared for a rate rise you may have trouble keeping up with repayments.

Splitting your home loan – part fixed and part variable

Another option is to make a bet both ways by having a part fixed, part variable interest loan. A split loan allows you to manage some of the risks of interest rate rises while still being able to make extra repayments.

There’s generally no limit to the way you can split the loan, so you can allocate the funds 50/50 or 20/80 – the decision is up to you.

Whatever loan you decide to take out, it needs to work for you. That means the loan should have the features, flexibility and fees that are the most appropriate for your needs.

Take a look at the example below:

Lachlan and Amy have saved up a deposit and want to borrow $440,000 for a $600,000 home.

After speaking with their broker, they find out what their repayments will be for a fixed or variable rate loan:

  • Fixed rate loan – If they fix their rate for 3 years at 4.10% their repayment will be $2,126* per month.
  • Variable rate loan – If they choose a variable rate loan at 4.00% they will be repaying $2,100* per month at first. If the bank increases the variable rate by 0.5% to 4.50%, they will be repaying around $2,229* per month.

*Based on a 30 year loan term

The fixed rate will cost them $26 more per month to start with but it will save them money in the future if the variable rate increases. The variable rate is tempting because they would pay less right now and have the flexibility to make extra repayments without fees.

Lachlan and Amy know their budget will be tight over the next couple of years (they plan to travel and get married) and they think they will be stressed if there is a big jump in their mortgage payments.

They decide to fix 80% of their home loan for 3 years so they can still make extra repayments if they have extra money.

No one can accurately predict how interest rates will move, so it’s important to choose a loan with the features that work for you, and then get the best possible mortgage deal you can. 

The best way to do this is to speak to a Mortgage Broker. Contact me to find out the best deal to suit your needs today.


One thought on “Fixed v. Variable Home Loans

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s